A Charming and attractive little port located on the southern coast of Bodrum Penninsula, Bodrum is a Turkish city in Mugla Province. In the ancient times, Bodrum was called the Halicarnassus of Caria. The Tomb of Mausolus, Mausoleum of Mausolus or Mausoleum, which was built between 353 and 350 BC is mentioned as one of the Antipater of Sidon’s Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.
Today Bodrum is a well-known tourist destination and is also an international center for yachting. The Bodrum Castle, built in the 15th century looks out over the International Marina and the harbor. The Castle also hosts a few cultural festivals throughout the year.
The history of Bodrum (also known as Halicarnassus or Halicarnassos) goes back to 13th century BC. Carians were the very first citizens settled in Bodrum and the harbor area was occupied by Dorian Greeks in the 7th century BC. Then Mausolus, on behalf of the Persians, started ruling over the city from 377 to 353 BC. Artemisia II of Caria took over the ruling after the death of Mausolus. Artemisia II employed two Greek architects and four sculptors to built monument and a tomb for Mausolus. This temple like structure, Mauseoleum, rested for 1700 years and was finally destroyed by an earthquake.
In 1402 Crusader Knights arrived in the city and built the Bodrum Castle using the remains of Mauseoleum. The castle served as a monopoly for the Knights over centuries and then in 1522, Suleyman took over the pedestal of Crusader Knights on the Island of Rhodes. The Knights departed to Malta leaving Bodrum and the Castle to the Ottoman Empire. Today the Castle is one of the finest Museums of the city.
Geographically situated in the southwest corner of the Aegan region of Turkey, Bodrum has got an excellent climate and a beautiful coastline. The city rests on the ancient city of Halicarnassus. In recent times due to its historical importance and natural beauty, Bodrum has become a popular tourist destination.
Geographic Coordinates: 37°02′N 27°26′E
Bodrum has a Mediterranean climate. Winters are mild and summers are quite warm with July and August temperatures reaching a maximum of 30°C / 86°F. Summer days in Bodrum are usually sunny although the days can feel quite humid and hot.
From May to October, Bodrum enjoys six months of sunshine with not a single drop of rain.
September and October are the best months for those who enjoy a more leisurely pace of life. Daytime temperatures during this time are perfect for a beach holiday, but it is comfortably cool to explore the historical sites in the surroundings of Bodrum too.